Should content producers make their materials free? I strongly believe that the ideology of “open access” is contextual upon the content that is built.
These are some background information in context of learning which shows the motivation for a open access ideology.
Firstly, these are the Pros and Cons in regards to open access.
- Open access model will shift the supplier of money from the reader to the author. “We must be careful that this does not result in barriers to publishing because of prohibitively high author fees.”(Rockefeller University Press) This implies that authors not only create the content, but also pays to publish it for everyone to use it freely.
- Open Access models may drive publishers to publish more articles to cover their cost, hence reducing the overall quality. This was seen in a article where a science reporter spoofs hundreds of open access journals with fake papers.
- A given revenue model lacks universal applicability to all journals regardless of type or discipline. This can be seen more clearly in the article by SPARC. Another article by ICM talks about the forms of Open access consisting of green and gold.
If you have noticed while researching on this topic, most of the arguments for the favor of open access are mostly based on scientific publications. What about other industries? Should the same principle be applied to every industry?
Let’s look into the media industry, through digitization, advertising is weakening on newspaper and online sites because one can target ads through Google and Facebook to individual people, this should be apparent to us now through topics 1-4 in this module. “Media firms need another revenue source, subscriptions are a good one” However, many readers seems resistant to paying for online content (Fortune writer Adam Lashinsky).
The question is, if we used to pay for the services through “prints”, why can’t we do the same online? Where is this mindset that everything online should be free coming from?
I feel that authors should not be pressured by the public to practice open access in their work. This is a free world where the authors have the decision to choose if he wants the content to be free or not!
Authors should not be afraid of people who practices activism (where they exclude articles from their reviews just solely because they are not open access). I feel that there is nothing wrong with charging a fee for a “top quality” research and that people who truly appreciate the specific content that is created, shouldn’t mind going through the “paywall“.
Medscape Log In. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/464149
Are the days of free content on the net numbered? – BBC News. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-24759239
Rethinking the sustainability of Open Access and Open Science. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://blogs.oii.ox.ac.uk/cobo/2014/10/07/economically-sustainable-open-access-it-is-technically-feasible-or-not/
(n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://www.theguardian.com/science/2012/may/25/attacking-publishers-open-access-sustainable
Science reporter spoofs hundreds of open access journals with fake papers – Retraction Watch. (2013, October 3). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://retractionwatch.com/2013/10/03/science-reporter-spoofs-hundreds-of-journals-with-a-fake-paper/
SPARC. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://www.sparc.arl.org/resources/papers-guides/oa-income-models/intro
Digitalization and Digitization. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://culturedigitally.org/2014/09/digitalization-and-digitization/
Why is Science Behind a Paywall? (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://priceonomics.com/post/50096804256/why-is-science-behind-a-paywall
(n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/federicoguerrini/2015/01/27/the-dark-side-of-open-data-its-not-only-how-much-you-open-but-how-and-why/
(n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from https://www.fosteropenscience.eu/sites/default/files/pdf/815.pdf
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